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Taxus baccata L.

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» yew

Morphology / Appearance

Taxus baccata L.

Character recognition:

Plant: is a small- to medium-sized evergreen tree; up to 12 m in height;
Root: rhizomatous;
Stem: red-brown crust forms a brown-gray ritidom, that unwind in plates, divergent branches are placed irregularly;
Leaves: linear, soft, of 1.5-3 cm long, flattened dorso-ventral, discolor (dark green on upper side, green-yellow on the bottom), oriented distich;
Flowers: dioecious; the females reduced to a single carpel with an egg, the male consist of 6-14 stamens (shield shaped);
Fruits: seed cones are highly modified, each cone containing a single seed 4–7 mm long partly surrounded by a modified scale which develops into a soft, bright red berry-like structure called an aril, 8–15 mm long and wide and open at the end.

Confusion: [...]

Taxus baccata
© 2012. Taxus baccata L.

Copyright photo © C. Simion ::: 2012 - IASI ::: Taxus baccata L.

Ecology / Plant spreading

Taxus baccata L.

Bloom time: Mar , Apr
Flower color: yellow
Plant type: perennial
Light: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
Propagation Material: Seeds

It is a conifer native to western, central and southern Europe, northwest Africa, northern Iran and southwest Asia.

Classification

Taxus baccata L.

Cultivation / Plant breeding

Taxus baccata L.

European Yew will tolerate growing in a wide range of soils and situations, including shallow chalk soils and shade, although in deep shade its foliage may be less dense.

Propagate by semi-hardwood cuttings or grafting, in July-August and October and planted in greenhouses or hotbeds. Of greenhouse cuttings will root in 7-8 months and 12-18 months in those seedbeds;
Yew tree is multiplied by seed: harvested at maturity (August to October) is clean from meat part, may resemble immediately or stratify for 18 months;

 

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Articles about Taxus baccata L.
Culinary / Use food. Use Medicinal / Herbal medicine / Use Ornamental